Bishkek Kyrgyzstan History
Bishkek is the capital of Kyrgyzstan and is home to an impressive seven-story marble-clad presidential building known as the White House. Bishkek, often referred to as "one of the coolest unknown cities in the world," is both the capital and largest city of Kyrgyzstan. This Central Asian city has a fascinating history to discover in its history books and in the city itself.
The capital of Bishkek was formerly Kazakh, near the border with the Soviet Union, where it was called Frunze in Soviet times. When Kyrgyzstan regained its independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, it renamed itself BISCHEK. Kyrgyzstan gained its independence and in early 1991 the city was renamed Bishedkeks, and then again in 1992.
Kyrgyzstan declared independence from the Soviet Union in 1991 after a failed coup in August and was recognized by the US as a member of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), a non-governmental organization.
The oldest Kazakh name for Pishpek is "Kyrgyz," the name of the former autonomous region of Kyrgyzstan in the Soviet Union. A year later, the autonomy was renamed the Kyrgyz Republic and in 1926, Frunze, named after the revolutionary leader Mikhail Frinze, who was born there. In honor of his death (an interesting story), the Soviets renamed his hometown Bishkek, which they kept during the Russian era. In 1926 the renamed city of Frunze became the capital of a new Kyrgyz ASSR and became an independent city, renamed Bishkesk in honor of its former capital, but changed its name to the resounding "Frunzing" after its founder Mikhail "Mikhail" Fronze.
Kyrgyzstan is bordered by Kazakhstan, the Russian Federation, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and the Democratic Republic of Congo to the north, west and south. It is also fortified by the U.S. State of Georgia, Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Kazakhstan and Kazakhstan.
The mountainous Tian Shan region covers 80 percent of Kyrgyzstan and is therefore sometimes referred to as the Switzerland of Central Asia. The country is even referred to as the "Switzerland" of Central Asia, and 80% of the country is covered by it, 47% of which consists of valleys and basins.
Explore the history of Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, through the artwork of the Mosaic Walk. Head to the ancient city and explore its history with these artworks and the Mosaic Walking tour.
After the conquest by the Mongols in the 13th century, it was ruled for centuries by Göktürks (Uyghur Empire) and Khitans. It was occupied by Kalmyks, Manchus and Uzbeks and became part of the Russian Empire. After the USSR (Russian Revolution) it regained its independence and remained as the Kyrgyz Soviet Socialist Republic. There are not many museums in and around the Kyrgyz capital, but it is truly impressive in its architectural implementation and worth mentioning. The legacy of the Soviet Union is the theatre that Kyrgyz people had in Bishkek, the oldest and largest of its kind in Central Asia.
When the present capital was part of the old Soviet Union, it was called Pishpek or Frunze. A year later, the Russians made the region their protectorate, renaming it "Bishkek" (a word that actually comes from the Kazakh language) and renaming it after a Bolshevik commander who was born in Kyrgyzstan. The Post Office - the Soviet government renamed it "Frunze," in Bishkesk (Kyrgyz variant of the Kazakh "Pish pek." The city changed its name from "pish Pek" in 1991, when it renamed itself "The City," and in 1999, 2002, to Frinze, to honor Bolshevik commanders born outside Kyrgyzstan, and finally, in 2003, as a result of a referendum.
For decades, the populous and heavily Muslim Ferghana Valley, where Osh is located, was splintered by Moscow and fell within the borders of independent Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Kyrgyzstan in 1991. At the time, it was located 77 kilometres outside Bishkek in Kyrgyzstan in a place called Issyk - ata. The nearest synagogue was in the town of Osh, only a few kilometres to the north, and the nearest synagogue was in Osh itself, about 60 kilometres away.
In retaliation, Uzbekistan closed all roads between Kyrgyzstan and the enclaves there. Additional highways were opened to Shymkent and Tashkent in Uzbekistan, but these roads remained closed. Alsobe alsobe, and an additional road between Osh and Bishkek, and a road from Osh to the city of Osh.
Kyrgyzstan's tourism industry flourished, and Bishkek allowed for the start of Silk Road tours and the collection of visas for neighboring countries. At the beginning of the 20th century, in addition to the Silk Road and the Trans-Siberian Railway, there was also a flourishing tourism industry, with the construction of a number of hotels, restaurants and hotels in the city of Osh, as well as hotels and restaurants in the capital Osh and Osh City. At the time of its independence in 1848, Kyrgyzstan had a population of about 2.5 million people and an annual GDP of 1.4 billion dollars.