The president of the Central Asian country of Kyrgyzstan has resigned, triggering a political crisis over disputed parliamentary elections in his country. Russia has declared a state of emergency after the president sent troops to the capital Bishkek. The mountainous country bordering China is home to a Russian air base and receives millions in financial aid from the Kremlin.
The Tian Shan mountain region covers 80% of the country, 47% of which are valleys, and Kyrgyzstan is therefore sometimes referred to as the "Switzerland of Central Asia." The northern foothills are temperate, the southern and central parts warm and dry, while the northern and southern foothills are cool and cool. In the north, it varies depending on altitude between dry continental and polar climate, in the south it ranges from warm to cold.
Another thing to keep in mind is that most of the horseback riding trips in Kyrgyzstan take place at very high altitudes, so you have to plan a lot before visiting. Last but not least, Turkmenistan is one of the hardest countries to visit in Central Asia, and it requires a lot of planning before you visit. Although it is the easiest country in the region, it is not necessarily the largest country in Central Asia from which to start your journey.
On 15 December 1990, the Supreme Soviet voted to change the name of the republic in Kyrgyzstan. This was followed by a Supralussian vote on 31 August 1991, in which independence from the Soviet Union was declared the "Republic of Kyrgyzstan." At the time of its independence, it was one of only three countries in Central Asia to have Russian as its official language, Kazakhstan being the other.
Today Bishkek is the largest city in Kyrgyzstan and one of the largest cities in Central Asia. There are also additional highways to Shymkent and Tashkent in Uzbekistan. There is also an important railway line from the capital to the city of Osh in Kazakhstan, as well as an additional railway line to Osh, and there is also a long-distance train from Osh on the east coast of Kazakhstan and from the southwestern part of Kyrgyzstan to St. Petersburg.
The Manas International Airport in Bishkek is the main international airport, and there are flights from Aeroflot and Air Astana to and from Bishkek to Europe and Asia.
The second city is the ancient city of Osh, which is located in the Fergana Valley on the border with Uzbekistan. There is also a large number of buses that take traders from Kazakhstan and Siberia to traders in Bishkek and other parts of the country. They are largely run from the new large western bus station, and only a small number are being driven from neighbouring Kazakhstan to the eastern station.
In 1925 it became Pishpek, and in the later years after the break-up of the Soviet Union Kyrgyzstan gained independence and in early 1991 the city was renamed Bishkek. In 1925 it was the capital of Uzbekistan, which was later renamed Bishkek on 5 February 1991 and Osh in 1992. After the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Kyrgyzstan also became independent of Russia and later of Kazakhstan and Kazakhstan.
The Russian takeover was met with numerous revolts, and many Kyrgyz decided to move to the Pámir Mountains in Afghanistan. In the 12th century Kyrgyz rule shrank due to the Mongolian expansion from the Altai Mountains and the Sayan Mountains to a small area in the northwest of the country, near the border with Uzbekistan. Because water was withdrawn to irrigate agricultural land and water - rich rivers in Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan - it could not reach the sea.
Osh Airport is the main airport in the south of the country and the journey takes about 4 hours. If you are coming from Almaty to Kazakhstan, you have to leave every hour from the bus station Almaty - Sairan, which costs 1500 KZT1500. Depending on how long the crossing takes, it can take at least 4 minutes, but often 10 minutes. The journey from Osh airport to the Kyrgyz capital Bishkek takes on average about 3 hours, depending on the time of day.
Bounded by the Tian Shan Mountains, Bishkek is a beautiful city with many activities and the surrounding countryside. If you are here for hiking, the Trekking Union Kyrgyzstan Club organizes hikes in the countryside around the city, including the Tien Shan Mountains.
Kyrgyzstan is a strategic partner of Russia and has long been one of the most important countries in the Eurasian Economic Union (EEU). Unfortunately, because of the country's suffix, it is often associated with Russia, China, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Tajikistan. It borders China and is Russia's closest ally in economic, political, military and cultural relations.
Although Kyrgyzstan is geographically isolated due to its mountainous landscape, it has stood at the crossroads of several major civilizations. Bishkek was built as a small mud fortress by the Uzbek Khan Kokand to connect the two main stops on the way to the Caucasus Mountains. The graphic element of the sun in the middle shows a wooden crown called Tunduk, a portable dwelling traditionally used by nomads in the steppe of Central Asia, and the "40 rays of the sun" on a Kyrgyz flag are a reference to these forty tribes.